Art Nouveau

2.

1861 : William Morris opens in England the first shop for decorative objects.

1863 : Publication of the first part of Discussions about architecture (the second one in 1872) by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. They will be read and studied by a whole generation of architects at the end of the 19th century.

1864 : In France, foundation of the “Union centrale des Beaux-Arts appliqués à l’industrie”.

1882 : Establishment in France of the “Union centrale des Arts Décoratifs”, an association which whishes to reconcile the beautiful and the useful.

1888 : Siegfried Bing founds the magazine Le Japon artistique (The artistic Japan). The West begins to be familiar with japanese culture thanks to the World’s Fairs. Then Japanese art is an inspiration for the western artists. The most important source of inspiration for japanese artists is nature, just as the Art Nouveau artists.

1891 : In France, decorative arts are admitted to the “Salon national des Beaux-Arts” (National show of fine arts).

1892 : Foundation of the Secession in Munich.

1893 : In England, foundation of the magazine The Studio, body of Arts and Crafts, which diffuses across Europe models for architecture, tapestries and materials.

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2.

1893 : Victor Horta designs the Hôtel Tassel in Brussels, first Art Nouveau building.

1894 : Foundation of the association La Libre esthétique in Brussels, in order to promote innovative and unconventional creations (in painting and in decorative arts) by way of exhibitions and lectures.

1895 : After a gallery devoted to oriental art, Siegfried Bing opens the Art Nouveau Home in Paris, 22 rue de Provence. His desire is to promote the creations of Henry Van de Velde, Karl Koepping, Louis Comfort Tiffany, René Lalique and so on.

1896 : Hector Guimard builds la Hublotière.
In Munich creation of the magazine Jugend which announces the Jugendstil.

1897 : Secession in Vienna, run by Gustav Klimt. In 1897-98, Joseph Maria Olbrich erects the secession building for exhibitions of the secession group. Above its entrance is carved this phrase : “to every age its art and to art its freedom”. In Munich the International Art Exhibition keeps for the first time a space to present decorative arts. At this time the German architect August Endell designs the Elvira Studio in Munich.

1897-99 : Glasgow school of art by Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

1899 : The Castel Béranger wins the firt prize of the Parisians facades’ contest.
Beginning of the project of the subway entrances.

1898 : Secession in Berlin.

1900 : Paris World’s Fair. Siegfried Bing has got his own pavilion and exhibits works by Edouard Colonna, Georges de Feure and Eugène Gaillard.

1901 : Formation of the “Ecole de Nancy”or “Alliance provinciale des Industries d’art” with Emile Gallé, Louis Majorelle, Jean-Antonin Daum, EugèneVallin and Victor Prouvé.

1902 : Exhibition of decorative arts in Turin which is the peak of Art Nouveau.

1903 : In Austria foundation of the Wiener Werkstätte by Joseph Hoffmann and Koloman Moser. They are workshops to improve union between art and industry.

1904-06 : The Casa Batlló in Barcelona by Gaudi.

1905 : The Austrian architect Joseph Hoffmann builds in Brussels the palais Stoclet. This is the victory of the geometric Art Nouveau over the curved Art Nouveau.

1925 : International Decorative Arts Exhibition in Paris : a new movement, Art Déco, drives away Art Nouveau.

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